Leung SF, Metreweli C, Tsao SY, Van Hasselt CA. Staging abdominal ultrasonography in nasopharyngeal carcinoma. Australas Radiol. Feb;35(1 )– POLA KARIES PENDERITA KARSINOMA NASOFARING YANG MEMPEROLEH TERAPI RADIASI. Article (PDF Available) · July with 20 Reads. CA: a cancer journal for clinicians. Global Cancer Faktor Risiko Non Viral Pada Karsinoma Nasofaring. Jan ; Jurnal Kesehatan Andalas.

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In Malaysian Chinese, the consumption of beef liver, in addition to salted fish and salted eggs, appeared significantly cca with NPC. A definitive diagnosis of NPC requires a positive biopsy taken from the tumor in the nasopharynx, supported either by its visualization in the nasopharynx.

These gold grains can be implanted into the tumor in the nasopharynx either transnasally or using the split-palate approach Thus, it is difficult to compare treatment results from several centers and even more difficult to compare treatment results with other countries or to include patients in protocols for international studies.

Details of the EBV-related diagnostic results in our patients will be published elsewhere. Disease in the nasopharynx When the patient was detected to have residual or recurrent tumor in the nasopharynx after radiation or chemoradiation, this can be managed with a second course of external radiotherapy. Cancer biomarkers – Current perspectives.

Indonesian Journal of Cancer

The purpose of this study was Indeed, hasofaring other known prognostic factors are directly or indirectly related to the extent or bulk of the tumor. The results concur with findings from meta-analysis on other head and neck cancers also.


The new T3 stage covered tumors that had extended to the skull base or other paranasal sinuses. Jrunal southern China, high incidence was also reported among Inuits and other native populations of the Arctic region. Furthermore, besides the widespread consumption of dried salty fish, it is rather common in Indonesia to find known carcinogens like formalin and polyaromatic chemical dyes in the food supply at local markets and small factories [43][44].

There was initial skepticism of the Intergroup results and doubts if the results were applicable to NPC in the endemic areas.

American Joint Committee on Cancer. The number of patients treated with this method was small and long-term follow-up information is not available The content of N-nitroso compounds in Indonesia has not been evaluated yet. There is also increased incidence in northern Africa and the Inuits of Alaska 6but it is an uncommon disease in most countries, and its age-adjusted incidence for both sexes is less than 1 per5.

The development of a revised staging system in the past decade was motivated by the desirability of incorporating experiences gained from various centers around the world.

Age distribution for NPC is bimodal in some northern American populations and in the Mediterranean region, with a peak incidence at 10 to 20 years and a second at 40 to 60 years of age.

Most predominant signs and symptoms at first presentation in of the NPC patients. Biologic basis of radiation therapy. Marlinda Adham1 Antonius N.


Current Management Strategy of Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma

Research paper China 25, Retrospective analysis of nasopharyngeal carcinoma treated during Support Center Support Center. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev.

Radiotherapy course can be shortened and is more efficient. Ethnic origin Table 3 shows the ethnic origin of our subgroup of patients.

Nasopharyngeal carcinoma in Indonesia: epidemiology, incidence, signs, and symptoms at presentation

Magnetic resonance MR is better than computed tomography CT for cz nasopharyngeal soft tissues and differentiating tumor from soft tissues, MR is also more sensitive at evaluating retropharyngeal cervical nodal metastases 33 and also bone marrow infiltration 34 MR, however, is of limited effectiveness in evaluating bone details, and CT should be performed when the status of the base of the skull needs evaluation Please review our privacy policy.

Prognostic significance of keratinization in nasopharyngeal carcinoma. Resistant starch RS is starch fraction which is not digested by human starch degrading enzyme, and it will thus undergo bacterial fermentation in the colon.

Find articles by William I. N-Nitroso compounds and related carcinogens. Fourthly, neck masses, they usually appear in the upper neck. A clinical study of cases of nasopharyngeal carcinoma in Hong Kong.

Indian Journal of Medical Research Henderson B and Pockley AG eds.