Results of Hypotheses Testing for Reformulated masc-fem Model. and that androgyny predicted the best health (Bem et al., ; Holt & Ellis, ). life course perspective posits that students in public school (middle and high school) masc respectively (A1a and A1b), and the same two cross-sectional. We test the hypothesis that a male-biased sex ratio affects female activity and release .. Sex Bias in Georgia High School Economics Textbooks. consisting of the Bem Sex Role Inventory and the Australian sex role scale was used to .. These patterns were evident in the disambiguation of androgynous faces (Study 1). The participants were elementary and junior high school students living in Japanese The proportion of patients with hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) testing and hemodynamic performance in healthy elderly persons Being Androgynous (HEL: β = , p gender role orientation and individual HL.

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Examination of validity of fall risk assessment items for screening high fall risk elderly among the healthy community-dwelling Japanese population. We aimed to examine the validity of fall risk assessment items for the healthy community-dwelling elderly Japanese population. Participants were healthy elderly individuals aged 60 years and over males and females. The percentage who had experienced a fall was This study used fall experience and 50 fall risk assessment items representing the five risk factors symptoms of falling, physical function, disease and physical symptom, environment, and behavior and characterBacterial Pneumonia in Elderly Japanese Populations.

Directory of Open Access Journals Sweden. Full Text Available Bacterial pneumonia is one of the most important infectious diseases in terms of incidence, effect on quality of life, mortality, and impact on society.

Pneumonia was the third leading cause of death in Tsst in The symptoms of pneumonia in elderly people are often atypical. Aspiration pneumonia is seen more frequently than in young people because of swallowing dysfunction in the elderly. The mortality rate is also higher in the elderly than in young people. In Japan, the population is aging at an unprecedented rate, and pneumonia in the elderly will be increasingly important in androgyhy and medical economics in the future.

To manage pneumonia in the elderlyit is important to accurately evaluate its severity, administer appropriate antibiotic treatment, and implement effective preventive measures. Full Text Available Oral care is important to decrease oral bacteria, especially in the dependent elders.

Bem Sex-Role Inventory

There have been some reports on oral microflora in the andrkgyny elders. However, investigations involving healthy independent elders are limited. The purpose of this study was to obtain more information on the microflora in Japanese independent elders. Tfst hundred Japanese independent elders aged 65 years or older participated in this study.

Eighty-one independent elders male: Their mean Barthel Index was The tongue bacterial flora was examinved to identify microorganisms by the culture method. The predominant aerobic organisms were Streptococcus spp.

In this study, the oral microflora of the tongue in Japanese independent elders was clarified. The results of this investigation may contribute to research on oral bacteria in elder persons in the future.

Japanese attitudes toward the elderly: A review of research findings. Reviewed are research findings related to Japanese attitudes toward the elderly. Although several studies approaching this theme have been published in Japan sincemost of them are not known outside Japan because they were written in Japanese.

These studies explored the nadrogyny of negative attitudes which were usually masked with rituals of respect for the elderly. People’s proper use of tatemae, culturally defined normative meaning, and honne, actual feeling, in their attitudes toward the elderly is discussed as a potential source of the American idealization of aging in Japan.

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Determinants of meeting the public adrogyny recommendations for physical activity among community-dwelling elderly Japanese. Although regular physical activity can facilitate healthy aging, improve h capacity, and prevent chronic diseases in the elderlymany of the Japanese elderly are not sufficiently active.


Thus, examining the determinants is an important prerequisite for designing effective programs. The present study investigated the demographic, behavioral, psychosocial, and environmental determinants of meeting the national pedometer-determined physical activity recommendations for the elderly Japanese.

Demographic gender, age, marital statusbehavioral BMI, smoking, alcohol consumptionpsychosocial self-efficacy, social support, health professional adviceand environmental perceived neighborhood environment variables were self-reported. Averaged daily steps were obtained using 1-year pedometer measurements. Based on the national physical activity recommendations in Japan males: An adjusted logistic regression model was utilized.

The findings clarified the need to identify effective intervention strategies to promote physical activity and suggest that an intervention design that accounts for these determinants may more effectively promote physical activity among the elderly Japanese.

Postural stability and occlusal status among Japanese elderly. There are still no data available on be, relationship between postural stability and occlusal status among the elderly. To examine relationships between postural stability and occlusal status through a cohort study among elderly Japanese. Oral examination, occlusal status, postural stability and a questionnaire were conducted and given to 87 community-dwelling Japanese at enrolment.

The average occlusal pressure of the female group was statistically higher than the male group while average occlusal pressure and postural stability length were lesser in the group with more remaining teeth. Postural stability area and number of remaining teeth showed statistically significant correlations. Postural stability length was lesser in the group with strong occlusal force. Furthermore, the number of decayed teeth was fewer in the good hygiene group.

This study identified a close relationship between occlusal status and postural stability of Japanese older individuals. Occlusal hypofunction was observed more in those with occlusal problems, and a decrease in their occlusal functions resulted in postural instability.

However, information about human polyphenol intake is scarce, especially in the elderly. This study aimed to estimate the dietary intake and major sources of polyphenols and to determine whether there is any relationship between polyphenol intake and micronutrient intake in healthy elderly Japanese. First, subjects men, 41 women; aged We then calculated their total polyphenol intake using our polyphenol content database. The polyphenol intake did not strongly correlate with the intake of any micronutrient, suggesting that polyphenols bbem exert health benefits independently of nutritional intake.

The polyphenol intake in this elderly population was slightly higher than previous data in Japanese adults, and beverages such as coffee and green tea contributed highly to the intake.

Perspectives on healthy aging among Thai elderly: In this qualitative study, we provide an in-depth understanding of the views of healthy aging among Thai elderly and explore the ways that contribute to healthy aging. Data were collected using focus groups and in-depth interviews in four selected provinces of Thailand, and were analyzed using content analysis.

The results us that Thai elderly described being healthy as the result of multiple components involving physical, mental, and social well-being.

Healthy aging was viewed as an absence of serious diseases, having functional independence, a positive psycho-emotional outlook, bm making a social contribution.

The factors considered to contribute to healthy aging included activities promoting physical and psychological health, as well as active engagement in social activities. Understanding how the elderly define healthy aging and identifying the most important components and factors that contribute to being healthy provides insight into possible policy implications and interventions to promote health and well-being among Thai elderly.

High plasma homocyst e ine levels in elderly Japanese patients are associated with increased cardiovascular disease risk independently from markers of coagulation activation and endothelial cell damage.

Elevated plasma homocyst e ine is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease CVD in many populations, but the relationship between homocyst e ine and CVD in Japanese subjects has been unclear. It has been hypothesized that the link between homocyst e ine and CVD may be mediated in part by activation of coagulation and endothelial cell injury in the elderly Japanese subjects. The geometric mean range of plasma homocyst e ine concentrations was As expected, healthy female and male elderly subjects had homocyst e ine levels that were 2.


Healthy young and elderly men had homocyst e ine levels that were 1. This higher plasma homocyst e ine levels in the elderly subjects were negatively correlated with levels of folic acid, albumin and total cholesterol, but were not significantly related to markers of coagulation or endothelial cell-damage.

The results of multiple logistic regression analyses suggested that high homocyst e ine levels were independently related to CVD risk. Gender differences of social interactions and their effects on subjective well-being among Japanese elders.

Gender differences of social interactions and their effects on subjective well-being among Japanese elders over three years were examined. Repeated measurements of elders over a three-year survey interval were obtained from a baseline mail survey and two- and three-year follow-up surveys. Outcomes were analyzed using Hierarchical Linear Modeling. As the elders aged over three years, life satisfaction decreased, while depression did not show any significant overall trend.

There were no beneficial effects of social interactions on change in well-being, although social participation, interaction with friends, and conversation with spouse were beneficially related to baseline levels of both depressive tendency and life satisfaction. Among female elders only, the number of children had beneficial effects on life satisfaction.

There are modest gender differences of the impact of social interactions on the well-being of Japanese eldersand the number of children seems to be more important as potential sources of support for female rather than male elders.

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Spousal conversation and non-obligatory social interaction such as unpaid social activities and friendship seem to be important for both male and female elders in Japan.

These findings suggest that social relations among Japanese elders may be moving away from more gender dependent patterns seen in the past. GH administration and discontinuation in healthy elderly men. Several studies have focused Optimal energy distribution of carbohydrate intake for Japanese elderly patients with type 2 diabetes: In diet therapy for diabetes, optimal energy intake and the energy distribution of macronutrients protein: We aimed to clarify the correlation between the PFC energy ratio and metabolic parameters including glycated hemoglobin A1c HbA1c and triglycerides in Japanese elderly patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus aged 65 years or older.

Furthermore, the subjects were divided into four categories by HbA1c levels by quartile method Q1: Relations of HbA1c to other metabolic parameters, energy intake and nutritional intake were examined.

The mean HbA1c levels in the four groups were C1: There were no significant differences and linear trend in HbA1c levels across groups. Diameter of the thoracic and abdominal aorta in healthy Japanese.

tewt In cases, diameter of thoracic and abdominal aorta in healthy Japanese is measured by computed tomography CT and the values are abdrogyny in relation to the age, sex and the level of the aorta on CT androyyny.

Aorta becomes dilated with age. In female diameter of the aorta is correlated with age, on the other hand, diameter of those is not correlated with age in male. Diameter in male is larger than in female.

Aorta tapers off and the ratio of tapering of the thoracic aorta is more prominent than that of the abdominal aorta. Therefore the calculations of the landmarks of tapering of the aorta and the ratio of diameter of the aorta to transverse diameter of the vertebral body at the levels of 10th thoracic and 3rd lumber vertebrae on CT scan wndrogyny useful for judgement of normal range of diameter of the aorta. Calcifications of the wall of the aorta are seen initially at the age of 5th decade in the abdominal aorta and 6th decade in the thoracic aorta in healthy Japanese.

They are noted in almost of the persons after the age of seventy years old.