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There are strong indications that this enhancement of uptake by terrestrial ecosystems and the resulting delay in carbon dioxide build-up in the atmosphere will ocp3 to be short lived.

Please see paragraphs 3 and 4. There is no need to limit application of new IPCC methods to a second budget period or subsequent target. The inclusion of anthropogenic sinks in national programs f2 mitigate climate change is specifically provided for in the Climate Change Convention and in the Berlin Mandate.

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Disagree because the question of sinks is highly complex and should not subject to time frame of assessment. Any approach that is restricted to new activities is not only easier to verify because of an increase in precision afforded by real and measurable data, but is also more equitable by providing a level starting point.

Such enhancement of removals by sinks is anthropogenic. In recognition of our situation, Australia’s national greenhouse response strategy, while addressing emissions from the energy sector, also has a strong focus on LUCF sectors. Submission dated 14 November The wording in the Convention Article 4. Extension of the Secretariat Pro Tempore.

So far we can judge at present, Second National Communications appear in most but not all cases to have data on uptake by forests. The relevant modalities, rules and guidelines will be decided by MOP1. Applying the criteria to be provided by the IPCC see response to question 4 aboveParties should through their national reporting include all relevant categories.


Promote sustainable fishing in international waters, especially for the protection of sea. The uptake resulting form such action should be quantifies using IPCC guidelines.

Nevertheless, there are methodologies to enable estimates of emissions to be made on a standardised basis. Subject to relevant modalities, rules and guidelines, to be decided by the first MOP, Parties that apply the methodologies referred to under Article 4 may count their enhancement of removals by sinks against their aggregate anthropogenic CO 2 equivalent emissions by sources under Article 3.

By the MOP agreeing the modalities to be used for sinks estimation and the allowable level cop33 uncertainties. Adaptation of sea turtle habitats to climate change.

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Man can enhance the carbon dioxide uptake of these sinks through direct actions, however. Exceptions for subsistence harvesting of Lepidochelys olivacea eggs in Costa Rica.

Procedures for Cases Where Exceptions Exist. The issue of uncertainty 3 should be examined in the broader context of all gases and all anthropogenic sources and sinks. All national systems meeting the requirements of Article 4 should give consideration to sinks adequate for the purpose of inventory reporting. An additional benefit is that the weighting system could also be used for point or project level sources and in a trading system.

Key programs that have a direct impact on human action include the National Vegetation Initiative, a program which includes extensive replanting of Australia’s native vegetation cover, and the Vision, which aims to treble the plantation estate by Including sinks would interfere with management and utilisation of land resources including forest.

Amount of sinks in each country should be equal or greater than the total amount of emissions of that country per year. The Framework Convention also defines a sink as ” any process, activity or mechanism which removes a greenhouse gas, an aerosol, col3 a precursor of a greenhouse gas from the atmosphere “.


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While the term human induced has been used as a substitute for anthropogenic and has found widespread acceptance for emissions from industrial processes and fossil fuel combustion, it is not so easily applied to forestry and sinks, which are essentially natural processes. For some fluorocarbons there is an additional element of uncertainty depending on how delayed releases are taken into account. Each country should be able to develop methodologies suitable to itself cpo3 accordance with the IPCC r22.

Please see paragraphs 3,7 and 9. Countries will be required to justify their results as reported in their national communication to the Review Team from the FCCC, and while countries should report on all sink activity, only those sinks reported on in the national communication should be claimed against a QELROs. Australia therefore views this review mechanism as very important, and believes this should prove adequate for assessing compliance with QELROs.

It is to be noted that while the Guidelines will remain the same for a budget period, refinement of the data in that period can still occur, with revised and updated statistics published. Determinations of compliance will be based on each Party’s emissions inventory, which should be prepared using methods designed vop3 for this purpose; i. The answer is governed by the agreed position clp3 the EU, which recognises the coo3 of eventually taking into account sinks in QELROs, once the modalities for doing so can be agreed.

Yes, it is vital to have good national accounting systems for anthropogenic enhancement of sinks. Extension of the Pro Tempore. The answer depends on the modalities, rules and guidelines to be agreed by the first MOP.